Lifelong Learning Programme

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Homepage > Training > Understanding pupils

The module focuses on the psychological aspects to be addressed and taken into account to understand the pupils’ personal aptitudes and characteristics, to identify those aspects that must be considered to personalize their education path, motivation to study and the risk factors that can lead to the decision of abandoning school.

Understanding pupils

Table of Content

Chapter 2 - Different roles: teachers, counsellors, psychologists
Activities to carry out: at the beginning of the school, during a year, planning a course.
The following activities generally take place in the process of career guidance process:

Initiation - begins the counselling relationship and establishing what the need is.
Exploration - is a gathering and studying of information.
Decision making - narrowing down the choices and ultimately choosing a career path.
Preparation - is developing the plan for reaching the chosen goal.
Performance of these activities at school is determined by pupils’ age and their individual needs.

One of the main tasks in the process of career development – to help pupils to get to know themselves, i.e., to develop self-awareness. Self- awareness/ self- cognition - means learning to recognize personal characteristics relevant to the career, recognize social environment and social roles.

At primary school the objective is for the pupils to know their closest social environment and identify themselves within it. So far there is no focus on links to career. At this stage it is essential to acquire a basic understanding of social contacts. At the level of primary education these competences are devel-oped during all lessons and activities of non-formal education.

At the level of the first phase of basic education (secondary/middle school) the variety of social contacts and dynamics of social roles are emphasized. Development of the objective self-concept assessment abilities, values and interests is emphasized at the first phase of basic education. Activities of non-formal education are particularly favourable environment for unveiling pupils’ interests and aptitudes. At this particular stage pupils have to make their first career decisions, which are directly related to their self –cognition, personal characteristics, abilities, aptitudes, values, career interests and present competences.

It is important for the pupils to have a formulated and justified psychological portrait of themselves at the end of the second phase of basic education (10th grade), which includes abilities (intellect types), aptitudes, skills, personal features, values, interests and competences.

At the institutions of vocational training when working with older pupils, who have more life and profes-sional experience, training can be based on their own experience, particularly emphasizing the im-portance of combination of social roles and creation of the network of contacts while searching for a job.
Online Resources

Table of Content

Comments on this section

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Date: 2016.09.13

Posted by Aneta - Lithuania

It provides a lot of useful information that is essential towards pupils’ understanding.

Date: 2016.09.13

Posted by Beata Višniak-Bakšienė - Lithuania

This section contains specific information that makes it possible to define the classes’ structure, provides future activities and direction.

Date: 2016.08.03

Posted by L. Barrada - Spain

For the e-learning package, I am sure I will use some of the chapters in the near future. I keep them to use them with my own resources.

Date: 2016.07.10

Posted by Palumbo Luana - Italy

This section is very important because it gives all the tools to understand the pupils’ needs, the level of their skills, their dreams about a future job. For teachers it is also useful because it offers a series of tests to know and exalt the pupils’ potentialities. Teachers can also inform pupils about the concrete possibilities of working and living abroad.
The contents of the package are undoubtedly very useful, because they permit the deep knowledge of all the possibilities offered by the labour market.
In particular the “Job profiles section offers an exhaustive explanation of how the labour market requests new profiles or is modifying the existing ones., Finally it will be important to improve the section of test so students can start to think about their skills and aptitudes

Date: 2016.07.07

Posted by I. Jacquard - France

The contents are really interesting and there are a lot of online resources.

Date: 2016.07.06

Posted by Emanuela Gheorghiu - Romania

The first module Understanding pupils highlights important theoretical psychological aspects which should be considered in order to understand and identify students’ personal aptitudes and characteristics; these aspects are useful when personalizing students’ education pathway towards the most suitable career and life style for them.
The last chapter strikes a balance between theory and practice by providing teachers and counsellors with best practices, experiences and success stories related to career planning, guidance and counselling.

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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This web site reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.